by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1835 (1767)
9 in. x 6 3/8 in. (228 mm x 163 mm) plate size; 20 in. x 13 1/2 in. (508 mm x 344 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
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Current affairsLord Melbourne, Whig, becomes Prime Minister following Peel's resignation. Melbourne's government took steps to suppress trade union activity, introducing legislation against 'illegal oaths', contributing to the failure of Robert Owen's Grand National Consolidated Trades' Union.
Art and scienceFelix Dujardin, the French biologist, reveals protoplasm.
Work on the enlargement and remodelling of Buckingham House to designs by the architect John Nash is completed, creating Buckingham Palace.
InternationalJuan Manuel de Rosas becomes dictator of Argentina, invoking a seventeen year rule dominated by terror. A powerful cattle rancher, he represents the rise of the estancieros, the new landed oligarchy based on commercial ranching.
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