Steffano della Bella
Steffano della Bella
by Wenceslaus Hollar, published by Johannes Meyssens, after Nicolaes van Helt ('Stocade')
6 1/2 in. x 4 1/2 in. (164 mm x 113 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
Sitterback to top
- Stefano della Bella (1610-1664), Etcher. Sitter in 2 portraits, Artist associated with 1 portrait.
Artistsback to top
- Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677), Etcher. Artist associated with 540 portraits, Sitter associated with 10 portraits.
- Johannes Meyssens (1612-1670), Painter, engraver and publisher. Artist associated with 42 portraits.
- Nicolaes van Helt ('Stocade') (1614-1669), Painter. Artist associated with 2 portraits.
Events of 1649back to top
Current affairsCharged with subverting the nation's laws and liberties and cruelly making war against Parliament and the English people, Charles I is found guilty by a court of 159 commissioners, and beheaded outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall.
England is declared a commonwealth and power is entrusted to a Council of State.
Art and scienceEikon Basilike, a self-exonerating account of Charles I's rule, is published days after his death. Allegedly written by the king himself, John Gauden, Bishop of Worcester, claimed authorship after the Restoration. Other tributes followed the king's death giving rise to a royalist cult of Charles the Martyr.
InternationalOliver Cromwell, as lord lieutenant of Ireland, begins his campaign in Ireland to subdue royalist support, and leads English Parliamentarian forces against the Royalist-Confederate coalition. The campaign's bloody massacres, in particular, the Siege of Drogheda and Wexford where Cromwell's troops slaughtered soldiers and civilians alike, became notorious.
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