Frederic Leighton, Baron Leighton
Frederic Leighton, Baron Leighton
by Paul Adolphe Rajon, printed by Chardon, published by The British and Foreign Artists' Association, after George Frederic Watts
etching, published 1 November 1880
16 7/8 in. x 12 in. (430 mm x 305 mm) plate size; 19 3/4 in. x 13 7/8 in. (503 mm x 351 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Whitin Fund, 1955
Sitterback to top
- Frederic Leighton, Baron Leighton (1830-1896), Painter; President of the Royal Academy; ex-officio Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery. Sitter in 59 portraits, Artist associated with 8 portraits.
Artistsback to top
- The British and Foreign Artists' Association (active 1880-1881), Print publisher. Artist associated with 3 portraits.
- Chardon (active 1824-1880), Printer. Artist associated with 5 portraits.
- Paul Adolphe Rajon (1842 or 1843-1888), Painter and printmaker. Artist associated with 17 portraits.
- George Frederic Watts (1817-1904), Painter and sculptor; Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery. Artist associated with 92 portraits, Sitter in 43 portraits.
Events of 1880back to top
Current affairsThe Liberals defeat the Conservatives, and Gladstone becomes Prime Minister for the second time, taking over from Disraeli, who retires from politics.
The MP for Northampton and atheist Charles Bradlaugh, refuses to swear on the Bible and so forfeits his right to take his seat. Despite having the support of Gladstone and J.S Mill, it takes six years before he can take his seat, after which he pushes through a new Oaths Act (1888).
Art and scienceThomas Huxley delivers his address 'Science and Culture' at the opening of Josiah Mason's science college in Birmingham (published the following year). Huxley argues that the study of modern literature, combined with knowledge of science, should be promoted in education above classical literature, echoing the claim made by the poet and critic Matthew Arnold. Huxley, an early advocate of 'Darwinism', did much to popularise evolutionary theory.
InternationalBuenos Aires finally becomes the permanent capital of Argentina, following sixty years of political debates around the issue. The city was federalised, politically separated from the Buenos Aires Province, and placed under direct control of the national government.
Despite allegations of vote buying, Cecil Rhodes is elected member of parliament for Barkly West in the Cape Colony, marking the start of his political career in South Africa.
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