Sir Robert McClure
1 portrait of James Scott
Sir Robert McClure
by James Scott, published by Henry Graves & Co, after Stephen Pearce
mezzotint, published 15 February 1856 (1855)
21 1/4 in. x 16 1/2 in. (540 mm x 418 mm) plate size; 24 3/4 in. x 18 7/8 in. (629 mm x 478 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1958
Artistsback to top
- Henry Graves & Co (active 1844-1899), Publishers. Artist associated with 228 portraits.
- Stephen Pearce (1819-1904), Portrait and equestrian painter. Artist associated with 63 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
- James Scott (circa 1809-circa 1889), Engraver. Artist associated with 132 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Related worksback to top
Events of 1856back to top
Current affairsQueen Victoria introduces the Victoria cross, an award for British soldiers who displayed exceptional valour in battle. Each medal was produced from Russian guns captured in the British war. In 2006, Lance Corporal Johnson Beharry became the first living recipient of the Victoria Cross since 1965, for his actions in the Iraq war.
Art and scienceThe National Portrait Gallery is founded by Philip Henry Stanhope, 5th Earl of Stanhope, Thomas Babington Macaulay, and Thomas Carlyle, all biographers and historians. Historical rather than artistic in focus, the Gallery's aim was to collect original portraits of outstanding figures from British history, notably from politics, the arts, literature and science.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning publishes her epic and autobiographical poem Aurora Leigh.
InternationalThe Treaty of Paris ends the Crimean war. Russia concedes to the Anglo-French-Austrian Four Points of August 1854 including the guarantee of Ottoman sovereignty and territorial integrity. Russia also agreed to a demilitarisation of the land islands in the Baltics, a term which lasted until the outbreak of the First World War.
Britain launches the second Opium war against China.