Sir William Newbigging
20 of 40 portraits by Sir John Watson-Gordon
Sir William Newbigging
by George Baird Shaw, printed by Alexander McGlashon (McGlashan), published by Alexander Crichton (Crighton), after Sir John Watson-Gordon
stipple engraving, 1838 or after
21 3/4 in. x 16 3/8 in. (553 mm x 417 mm) plate size; 24 7/8 in. x 19 in. (632 mm x 483 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1951
Artistsback to top
- Alexander Crichton (Crighton) (active 1831-1853), Printseller and picture-frame maker. Artist associated with 2 portraits.
- Alexander McGlashon (McGlashan) (1815-1877), Steel and copperplate engraver. Artist associated with 6 portraits.
- George Baird Shaw (1812-1883), Engraver, painter and illustrator. Artist associated with 4 portraits.
- Sir John Watson-Gordon (1788-1864), Portrait and historical subject painter. Artist associated with 40 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
Events of 1838back to top
Current affairsThe Anti-Corn Law league is established in Manchester, led by Richard Cobden and John Bright, aiming to create a fully free-trade economy.
The People's Charter is published, demanding many constitutional amendments that would become central to future democratic reform, including universal male suffrage and secret ballots. Despite having one million signatures (and 5 million by 1848), the petition was rejected.
Slavery is completely abolished.
Art and scienceTurner's The Fighting Temeraire is exhibited at the Royal Academy. The Temeraire, which had broken the line at the Battle of Trafalgar, was a reflection on the rapid changes of the industrial age. This was demonstrated this year when Isambard Brunel's Great Western crosses the Atlantic, in just fifteen days - a ship under sail could take a month.
The London-Birmingham railway is also completed, the line engineered by Robert Stephenson.
InternationalThe first stage in the formation of independent Boer republics in South Africa, as the Republic of Natal is formed in South Africa, following the Boers defeat of the Matabele of Mzilikasi. This comes two years after the Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the British-ruled colony of South Africa set out on the Great Trek, in search of their own independent state.
The Central American Federation, an experimental republic formed of several Latin states splits.
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