Henry Montagu Villiers
Henry Montagu Villiers
by W. Joseph Edwards, printed by H. Wilkinson, published by Henry Graves & Co, after George Richmond
stipple engraving, published 1 October 1856
21 3/4 in. x 16 1/2 in. (552 mm x 418 mm) plate size; 22 7/8 in. x 17 5/8 in. (581 mm x 447 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Sitterback to top
- Henry Montagu Villiers (1813-1861), Bishop of Carlisle and of Durham. Sitter associated with 7 portraits.
Artistsback to top
- W. Joseph Edwards (active 1840-1867), Engraver. Artist associated with 37 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Henry Graves & Co (active 1844-1899), Publishers. Artist associated with 230 portraits.
- George Richmond (1809-1896), Portrait painter and draughtsman; son of Thomas Richmond. Artist associated with 325 portraits, Sitter in 14 portraits.
- H. Wilkinson (active 1831-1859), Printer. Artist associated with 7 portraits.
Events of 1856back to top
Current affairsQueen Victoria introduces the Victoria cross, an award for British soldiers who displayed exceptional valour in battle. Each medal was produced from Russian guns captured in the British war. In 2006, Lance Corporal Johnson Beharry became the first living recipient of the Victoria Cross since 1965, for his actions in the Iraq war.
Art and scienceThe National Portrait Gallery is founded by Philip Henry Stanhope, 5th Earl of Stanhope, Thomas Babington Macaulay, and Thomas Carlyle, all biographers and historians. Historical rather than artistic in focus, the Gallery's aim was to collect original portraits of outstanding figures from British history, notably from politics, the arts, literature and science.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning publishes her epic and autobiographical poem Aurora Leigh.
InternationalThe Treaty of Paris ends the Crimean war. Russia concedes to the Anglo-French-Austrian Four Points of August 1854 including the guarantee of Ottoman sovereignty and territorial integrity. Russia also agreed to a demilitarisation of the land islands in the Baltics, a term which lasted until the outbreak of the First World War.
Britain launches the second Opium war against China.
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