18 of 37 portraits by James Posselwhite
by James Posselwhite, after Eden Upton Eddis
stipple engraving, 1843 or after
12 1/2 in. x 10 in. (316 mm x 253 mm) plate size; 16 3/4 in. x 11 7/8 in. (424 mm x 303 mm) paper size
Given by Westminster Public Library
Artistsback to top
Events of 1843back to top
Current affairsSir Henry Cole commissions 1,000 copies of the first Christmas card, designed by John Callcott Horsley. Cole would later be instrumental in staging the Great Exhibition, and in developing science and art education in Britain.
Nelson's statue, by E.H. Bailey, is placed on top of its column in Trafalgar Square.
Art and scienceThe Theatre Regulations Act is passed, abolishing the privileged position of the 'major' theatres which held letters patent from the crown, allowing all theatres to perform 'legitimate' theatre.
First volume of Ruskin's Modern Painters published, praising Turner and demanding that artists should demonstrate 'truth to nature' in their work. Ruskin is a great inspiration to the Pre-Raphaelites.
InternationalThe first experimental telegraph wire is constructed between Baltimore and Washington, using Morse code to send a message. The code, in which pulses of current deflect an electromagnet, moving a marker and producing written codes on a strip of paper, had been invented by Samuel Morse in 1838. The line officially opens in 1844.
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