Spencer Joshua Alwyne Compton, 2nd Marquess of Northampton

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Spencer Joshua Alwyne Compton, 2nd Marquess of Northampton

by Charles Cook, printed by McQueen (Macqueen), sold by Ackermann & Co, and sold by Abel & Son, published by and after Antoine Claudet
stipple engraving, circa 1851
18 1/8 in. x 14 1/8 in. (460 mm x 359 mm) plate size; 22 1/4 in. x 18 1/4 in. (564 mm x 464 mm) paper size
Acquired, 1951
Reference Collection
NPG D38776

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Artistsback to top

  • Abel & Son (active mid 19th century), Printsellers. Artist or producer associated with 1 portrait.
  • Ackermann & Co (active 1829-1859), Printseller and publisher. Artist or producer associated with 79 portraits.
  • Antoine Claudet (1797-1867), Photographer and inventor. Artist or producer associated with 45 portraits.
  • Charles Cook (active circa 1851), Engraver. Artist or producer associated with 1 portrait.
  • McQueen (Macqueen) (active 1819-1872), Printers. Artist or producer associated with 72 portraits.

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Events of 1851back to top

Current affairs

A population census is taken of all the people living in Britain, recording details about every householder on the night of March 30. This census greatly extends the fields of the 1841 census, being the first to record full details of individuals' birth locations, exact age, marital status, and details of disability, thus making it a valuable tool for demographers and genealogists. The census was made open for public inspection in 1912.

Art and science

The Great Exhibition is held in London,at the Crystal Palace, especially designed by Sir Joseph Paxton. The international exhibition was designed to showcase the best in science, art and industry. it attracted millions of visitors.
Lizzie Siddal poses for John Millais's painting Ophelia.
Hermann von Helmotz invents the ophthalmoscope, making it possible for doctors to examine within a patient's eye.


Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, President of the French Republic, stages a coup d'état, successfully dissolving the French National Assembly without having the constitutional right to do so. Now the sole ruler of France, he re-establishes universal suffrage, previously abolished by the Assembly and becomes 'Napoléon III, Emperor of the French'.

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