John Ray with 'Britannia crowning Ray as the Prince of English Botanists'

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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John Ray with 'Britannia crowning Ray as the Prince of English Botanists'

by William Holl Sr, published by Robert John Thornton, after Thomas Uwins, and after Unknown artist
stipple engraving, published 1 August 1804
19 3/8 in. x 13 7/8 in. (493 mm x 351 mm) paper size
Acquired, 1956
Reference Collection
NPG D39221

Sittersback to top

  • Britannia, Allegory of a nation, emblem of empire, and patriotic icon. Sitter associated with 29 portraits.
  • John Ray (1627-1705), Naturalist. Sitter in 13 portraits.

Artistsback to top

  • William Holl Sr (1771-1838), Engraver. Artist or producer associated with 127 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
  • Robert John Thornton (1768-1837), Physician, writer on botany and publisher. Artist or producer associated with 48 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
  • Unknown artist, Artist. Artist or producer associated with 6577 portraits.
  • Thomas Uwins (1782-1857), Painter. Artist or producer associated with 20 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG 563: John Ray (after)
  • NPG D34356: John Ray with 'Britannia crowning Ray as the Prince of English Botanists' (from same plate)

Events of 1804back to top

Current affairs

William Pitt returns to office and forms a second coalition administration, retaining many of those who had served under his predecessor Henry Addington but specifically excluding his arch rival Charles James Fox .

Art and science

William Blake starts writing Jerusalem. One of his most ambitious allegorical poems, it took nearly eight years to complete.
Amidst infighting about submissions to the annual exhibition, attempts are made to unseat painter Benjamin West as President of the Royal Academy and elect architect James Wyatt instead.

International

Napoleon declares himself Emperor of France and is crowned as Napoleon I by Pope Pius VII in Paris.
Haiti achieves independence led by Toussaint L'Ouverture, the patriot and martyr who had seized control from the French in 1801. He becomes a symbolic figure of freedom for the British anti-slavery movement.

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