Anne of Denmark
Anne of Denmark
by John De Critz the Elder
oil on canvas, circa 1605-1610
79 3/8 in. x 49 3/4 in. (2016 mm x 1265 mm)
Sitterback to top
- Anne of Denmark (1574-1619), Queen of James I. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.
Artistback to top
- John De Critz the Elder (circa 1550-1642), Artist. Artist associated with 8 portraits.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Smartify image discovery app
- Bolland, Charlotte, Tudor & Jacobean Portraits, 2018, p. 48 Read entry
The daughter of Frederick II of Denmark, Anne married James VI of Scotland in 1589, aged only fifteen. They had seven children, but only Henry, Elizabeth and Charles lived beyond early childhood. Anne was raised as a Lutheran but during her time in Scotland she appears to have converted to Catholicism; this was accepted by the staunchly Protestant James but had to be kept private due to popular anti-Catholic feeling. Anne became one of the most important cultural patrons of her day, commissioning lavish court masques, buildings and paintings that allowed the careers of men such as Ben Jonson, Inigo Jones and Isaac Oliver to flourish. This portrait may have been commissioned as part of a group, including images of James and Prince Henry, which would have been sent to a European ruler. John de Critz the Elder received a payment for just such a group in 1606, which was to be sent to the Archduke of Austria. In its compositional format it shares similarities with contemporary portraits of Habsburg rulers and would have placed the new king and queen firmly within the visualcontext of the dynasties that ruled Europe.
- MacLeod, Catharine (preface, appreciation) Wilks, Timothy (introduction) Smuts, Malcolm (appreciation) MacGibbon, Rab (appendix), The Lost Prince: The Life and Death of Henry Stuart, 2012 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 18 October 2012 to 13 January 2013), p. 51
- Ribeiro, Aileen; Blackman, Cally, A Portrait of Fashion: Six Centuries of Dress at the National Portrait Gallery, 2015, p. 79
Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top
- The Lost Prince: The Life & Death of Henry Stuart (18 October 2012 - 13 January 2013)
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1605back to top
Current affairsThe Gunpowder Plot is foiled when Guy Fawkes is discovered with barrels of gunpowder under the House of Lords. The coup, to blow up the House at the State Opening of Parliament, thereby assassinating James I, was conceived by a group of Catholics angered by the king's repression of recusants.
Art and scienceIn the first of many collaborations with architect Inigo Jones, playwright Benjamin Jonson presents The Masque of Blackness for James I's, in which Queen Anne makes an appearance. The production secures future masque commissions for Jones and Jonson at court.
Philosopher, Francis Bacon, publishes his treatise The Advancement of Learning.
InternationalSpanish author Miguel de Cervantes publishes the first part of his satirically romantic novel Don Quixote.
Within a matter of months, three popes would ascend the papal throne, Clement VIII, Leo XI, Paul V respectively.
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