Charles James Lever
Charles James Lever
by (Octavius) Charles Watkins
albumen carte-de-visite, late 1860s-early 1870s
3 in. x 2 1/8 in. (77 mm x 54 mm) image size
Transferred from Victoria & Albert Museum, 1980
Artistback to top
- (Octavius) Charles Watkins (1836-1882), Photographer. Artist associated with 25 portraits.
Placesback to top
- Place made: United Kingdom: England, London (photographer's studio, 54 Chancery Lane, London)
Events of 1869back to top
Current affairsGladstone introduces the Irish Church Disestablishment Act, which disestablishes the Church of Ireland, disassociating it from the state and repealing the paying of tithes to the Anglican Church of Ireland.
Girton College is founded in Cambridge by Barbara Bodichon and Emily Davies, the first residential college for women in England; women were granted full membership to the University in 1948.
Art and scienceRussian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev invents the periodic table of elements, which arranges elements within a group in order of their atomic mass.
The British scientist Mary Somerville publishes her last book On Molecular and Microscopic Science.
Claude Monet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir paint together in the open air at La Grenouillère, developing the Impressionist style.
InternationalThe Suez canal opens, linking the Red Sea and the Gulf of Suez with the Mediterranean Sea, and transforming trade routes between Europe and Asia as merchants no longer had to circumvent Africa. The canal was largely in British and French control until Egyptian nationalisation in 1956, which sparked off the international Suez crisis.
Serialisation of Leo Tolstoy's epic novel of Russian society during the Napoleonic wars, War and Peace finishes.
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