by Richard Houston, published by Robert Sayer, after Johan Joseph Zoffany
mezzotint, published 1 July 1770
13 in. x 8 7/8 in. (330 mm x 227 mm) plate size; 13 1/8 in. x 9 in. (332 mm x 230 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1952
Artistsback to top
- Richard Houston (1721 or 1722-1775), Engraver. Artist associated with 191 portraits.
- Robert Sayer (1724 or 1725-1794), Printseller and publisher. Artist associated with 198 portraits.
- Johan Joseph Zoffany (1733-1810), Painter of portraits and conversation pieces. Artist associated with 45 portraits, Sitter associated with 11 portraits.
Events of 1770back to top
Current affairsAugustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton resigns as Prime Minister and is succeeded by Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford.
Art and scienceOliver Goldsmith publishes his poem The Deserted Village.
Philosopher and politician Edmund Burke publishes Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents discussing the limits of the King's authority.
17-year-old Thomas Chatterton, later hailed as a significant poet, commits suicide in a London garret.
Thomas Gainsborough paints his portrait of Jonathan Buttall, which later becomes known as The Blue Boy.
International'Townshend duties' on imports into the colonies are repealed, except for the duty on tea. However, this concession is soon followed by the Boston Massacre, in which British troops fire into an unruly crowd in Boston, killing five.
Captain Cook reaches the eastern coast of Australia, at a place which he names Botany Bay. He discovers the Great Barrier Reef when HMS Endeavour runs onto it. Cook claims New South Wales for the British.
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