John Bird Sumner
13 of 13 portraits of John Bird Sumner
John Bird Sumner
by John Richardson Jackson, published by Henry Graves & Co, after Margaret Sarah Carpenter
mezzotint, published 26 July 1853
21 1/4 in. x 16 in. (541 mm x 405 mm) plate size; 25 5/8 in. x 19 1/4 in. (651 mm x 489 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Sitterback to top
- John Bird Sumner (1780-1862), Archbishop of Canterbury. Sitter associated with 13 portraits.
Artistsback to top
Events of 1853back to top
Current affairsBritain and America sign a treaty establishing an International Copyright agreement. Dickens, whose Bleak House is also published this year, was a particularly outspoken critic of these laws, as his works were freely published in America without any protection over copyright or royalties. He had lobbied the American Congress over the issue during his North American reading tour of 1842.
Art and scienceDavid Livingstone makes a six month journey from the Zambezi river to the west coast of Africa.
Harriet Martineau translates The Positive Philosophy of August Comte. A scientific approach to understanding the natural world and human and social relations, positivism has an important influence on the development of the social sciences.
Holman Hunt exhibits his The Light of the World
InternationalDiplomatic row over Napoleon's call to the Turkish empire to restore Roman Catholic rights in the Holy Land. Russia asserts her role of protecting the rights of all Christians in the Ottoman empire; French and British fleets are dispatched to the Dardanelles. The Turkish sultan, declaring that he will look after the rights of Christians, heightens tension, and the Crimean war begins with Turkey declaring war on Russia.
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