3 of 3 portraits of John Smeaton
by Richard Woodman, published by Charles Knight, after a painting attributed to John Hamilton Mortimer
stipple engraving, early 19th century
11 3/8 in. x 7 7/8 in. (290 mm x 200 mm) plate size; 17 1/4 in. x 11 7/8 in. (438 mm x 301 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Artistsback to top
- Charles Knight (1791-1873), Writer and publisher. Artist associated with 9 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- John Hamilton Mortimer (1740-1779), History painter. Artist associated with 12 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
- Richard Woodman (1784-1859), Engraver and portrait painter. Artist associated with 30 portraits.
Events of 1800back to top
Current affairsWidespread food riots after poor harvests of 1798-9. Theorist, Thomas Malthus, controversially argues that poverty and food shortages are an inevitable consequence of population growth, challenging assumptions that populousness was a sign of national prosperity and power. His thesis contributed forcefully to the debate over the existing Poor Law.
Art and scienceWilliam Wordsworth publishes his Preface to the Lyrical Ballads; a retrospective explanation of his experimental poems written with Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It becomes one of the best-known manifestos of Romantic literature.
InternationalLord Castlereagh, Chief Secretary for Ireland, is the main architect of the Act of Union under which Ireland is merged with Great Britain and the Irish parliament is abolished.
British troops support successful uprising by Maltese against the French.
Napoleon is victorious against Austrians at Marengo and reconquers Italy.