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James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope

James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope, by John Simon, sold by  Edward Cooper, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt, circa 1710-1714 (circa 1705-1710) - NPG D41854 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

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James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope

by John Simon, sold by Edward Cooper, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1710-1714 (circa 1705-1710)
14 in. x 9 7/8 in. (355 mm x 252 mm) plate size; 16 5/8 in. x 11 3/8 in. (422 mm x 288 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Reference Collection
NPG D41854

Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Edward Cooper (died 1725), Printseller. Artist associated with 169 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
  • John Simon (1675-1751), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 213 portraits.
  • Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1684 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG 3225: James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope (after)
  • NPG D9195: James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope (from same plate)
  • NPG D41855: James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope (from same plate)

Placesback to top

Subject/Themeback to top

Events of 1710back to top

Current affairs

Clergyman Henry Sacheverell is impeached on account of his sermons in which he attacks the Whig government and the revolution settlement of 1688-9. The trial caused rioting, and revived Jacobites sentiments and resentment against the government.
Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford, returns to Parliament as Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Art and science

The Examiner, a Tory government propaganda journal devised by Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford and Henry St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke, is published. Under its editor, Jonathan Swift, the weekly sheet defended the policies of the new Tory government. The Whigs responded with The Medley, principally written by Arthur Maynwaring.

International

Following the victories at the Battles of Almenara and Saragossa in the War of the Spanish Succession, the allied forces experience a set back at the Battle of Brihuega during which, James Stanhope, Earl of Stanhope, Commander in Chief of the British Forces in Spain, is taken prisoner.

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