© estate of George Platt Lynes
by George Platt Lynes
gelatin silver print, 1946
9 1/2 in. x 7 1/2 in. (240 mm x 192 mm)
Huxley moved to America in the Spring of 1937, and this photograph shows him at home at Llano del Rio in California, the site of an abandoned Utopian commune. His time living here inspired publications including the essay Ozymandias, the Desert Utopia that Failed (1956).
The new Labour government begins to act upon the recommendations of the Beveridge Report (1942) by nationalising The Bank of England and Imperial Communications, bringing in a National Insurance Bill, and setting plans for the National Health Service. Nationalisation of industry and the provision of free healthcare and welfare were the main aims of post-war domestic politics.
Art and science
Mervyn Peake publishes Titus Groan
; the first of his Gormenghast Trilogy
. The three novels are regarded as classics of the fantasy genre, although they contain no magic or intelligent non-human characters, so might more appropriately be described as belonging to the 'gothic' or 'fantastic' genre.
Nazi officials are tried for their part in the War and the Holocaust at Nuremberg. The trials were to prosecute war criminals and the location was chosen because it was the site of the annual Nazi rallies, and therefore seen as a fitting place for the demise of the party. The Nuremberg Trials paved the way for post-war developments in international criminal law.