Hannah, Mary, Karin and Ray
5 of 30 portraits of Karin Stephen
Hannah, Mary, Karin and Ray
by Unknown photographer
gelatin printing-out paper print, 1894
4 in. x 5 3/4 in. (103 mm x 147 mm) overall
Given by Barbara Strachey (Hultin, later Halpern), 1999
Sittersback to top
- Mary Berenson (née Smith) (1864-1945), Art historian; former wife of Frank Costelloe, and later wife of Bernard Berenson; daughter of Robert Pearsall Smith. Sitter associated with 75 portraits. Identify
- Hannah Tatum Smith (née Whitall) (1832-1911), Evangelist and religious writer. Sitter in 47 portraits. Identify
- Catherine Elizabeth Conn ('Karin') Stephen (née Costelloe) (1889-1953), Psychoanalyst and psychologist. Sitter in 30 portraits. Identify
- Rachel Pearsall Conn ('Ray') Strachey (née Costelloe) (1887-1940), Feminist activist, artist and writer. Sitter in 64 portraits, Artist associated with 99 portraits. Identify
Placesback to top
- Place made and portrayed: United Kingdom: England, Sussex (Friday's Hill House, Fernhurst, West Sussex)
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1894back to top
Current affairsFollowing Gladstone's resignation, Queen Victoria calls on the Liberal MP Archibald Primrose, the 5th Earl of Rosebery to become Prime Minister, a position he reluctantly accepts. His government is largely unsuccessful as the Tory-dominated House of Lords stop the whole of the Liberal's domestic legislation, and his foreign policy plans are defeated by internal Liberal disagreements.
Art and scienceThe Prince of Wales opens Tower Bridge, built over the Thames to improve access to the growing commercial district of the East End. The bridge was constructed from two bascules, or leaves, which could be raised to allow ships to pass underneath.
Rudyard Kipling's hugely popular collection of children's stories and poems, The Jungle Book, is published. The stories, based on Kipling's own experiences in India, have been adapted many times.
InternationalThe arrest and court-martial of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish artillery officer, opens up divisions in France over anti-semitism continuing until Dreyfus's exoneration in 1906. The French President Sadi Carnot is assassinated by an Italian anarchist in Lyon.
Nicholas II becomes Tsar of Russia following the death of Alexander III.
Japan and China go to war over control of Korea, with the more modern Japanese army winning an easy victory.
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