© reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London
Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
by Frederick Maillard
bromide print, 1946
9 3/8 in. x 7 3/4 in. (238 mm x 196 mm) image size
acquired John Maillard the photographer's son, 1995
The new Labour government begins to act upon the recommendations of the Beveridge Report (1942) by nationalising The Bank of England and Imperial Communications, bringing in a National Insurance Bill, and setting plans for the National Health Service. Nationalisation of industry and the provision of free healthcare and welfare were the main aims of post-war domestic politics.
Art and science
Mervyn Peake publishes Titus Groan
; the first of his Gormenghast Trilogy
. The three novels are regarded as classics of the fantasy genre, although they contain no magic or intelligent non-human characters, so might more appropriately be described as belonging to the 'gothic' or 'fantastic' genre.
Nazi officials are tried for their part in the War and the Holocaust at Nuremberg. The trials were to prosecute war criminals and the location was chosen because it was the site of the annual Nazi rallies, and therefore seen as a fitting place for the demise of the party. The Nuremberg Trials paved the way for post-war developments in international criminal law.