by Robert White, published by Richard Chiswell
line engraving, published 1681
9 3/4 in. x 6 1/4 in. (249 mm x 160 mm) plate size; 8 5/8 in. x 7 5/8 in. (218 mm x 194 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1900
Sitterback to top
- Reginald Pole (1500-1558), Cardinal and Archbishop of Canterbury. Sitter associated with 28 portraits.
Artistsback to top
Placesback to top
- Place made: United Kingdom: England, London (Rose and Crown, St Pauls Churchyard, London)
Events of 1681back to top
Current affairsThird Exclusion Parliament meets in Oxford avoiding disruption in Whig-dominated London. Charles II refuses Exclusionists's proposal that James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, his illegitimate son with Lucy Walter, should succeed to the throne, replacing James, Duke of York.
Prominent Exclusionist, Anthony Ashley-Cooper, is arrested on suspicion of high treason.
Art and scienceNatural philosopher, Samuel Morland is appointed 'Master of Mechanicks' to the king having transformed Windsor Castle's water system.
Architect, Christopher Wren, is commissioned to design the Royal Hospital, Chelsea.
Poet laureate, John Dryden, writes political satire Absalom and Achitophel, focusing upon the trial of Anthony Ashley-Cooper.
InternationalKing of France, Louis XIV, concerned by England's instability over the exclusion crisis, offers Charles II a subsidy, bolstering the king in his dealings with Parliament. In return, England agrees to withdraw from entering an anti-French alliance with Spain; Laurence Hyde, Lord of the Treasury, signs the accord with France.
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