© National Portrait Gallery, London
Julia Frances Strachey
by Unknown photographer
carbon print, circa 1913
5 in. x 3 1/2 in. (127 mm x 88 mm) overall
Given by Barbara Strachey (Hultin, later Halpern), 1999
The Suffragette, Emily Davison dies after stepping out in front of the King's horse as a protest at the Epsom Derby. In the same year the Liberal government passed the Cat and Mouse Act allowing them to release and re-arrest Suffragettes who went on hunger strike while in prison. Davidson, herself, had been on hunger strike and was force-fed while detained at Holloway Prison.
Art and science
Stravinsky's ballet The Rite of Spring
comes to London following its premier at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris. Audiences were shocked by Stravinsky's rhythmic and dissonant musical score and by the violent jerky dancing of Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, which were intended to represent pagan ritual.
Henry Ford introduces the assembly line at the Ford Motor Company, rapidly increasing the rate at which the famous Model T
could be manufactured, leading to massive growth in the motorcar industry and demonstrating to other industries the efficiency of mass production.