10 of 82 portraits of John Ruskin
by Frederick Hollyer
platinum print, 1894
7 3/8 in. x 8 7/8 in. (188 mm x 226 mm) overall
Sitterback to top
- John Ruskin (1819-1900), Writer, artist and social reformer. Sitter associated with 82 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Frederick Hollyer (1838-1933), Photographer and art publisher. Artist associated with 109 portraits, Sitter associated with 6 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Taken at Brantwood, Cumbria in September 1894, there are five known poses from this sitting. This platinum print is a fine example of Hollyer’s work. Platinum prints were favoured by the Linked Ring Brotherhood, an association of photographers that promoted photography as an art form.
Events of 1894back to top
Current affairsFollowing Gladstone's resignation, Queen Victoria calls on the Liberal MP Archibald Primrose, the 5th Earl of Rosebery to become Prime Minister, a position he reluctantly accepts. His government is largely unsuccessful as the Tory-dominated House of Lords stop the whole of the Liberal's domestic legislation, and his foreign policy plans are defeated by internal Liberal disagreements.
Art and scienceThe Prince of Wales opens Tower Bridge, built over the Thames to improve access to the growing commercial district of the East End. The bridge was constructed from two bascules, or leaves, which could be raised to allow ships to pass underneath.
Rudyard Kipling's hugely popular collection of children's stories and poems, The Jungle Book, is published. The stories, based on Kipling's own experiences in India, have been adapted many times.
InternationalThe arrest and court-martial of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish artillery officer, opens up divisions in France over anti-semitism continuing until Dreyfus's exoneration in 1906. The French President Sadi Carnot is assassinated by an Italian anarchist in Lyon.
Nicholas II becomes Tsar of Russia following the death of Alexander III.
Japan and China go to war over control of Korea, with the more modern Japanese army winning an easy victory.