Nawab Nasim Mansur Ali Khan of Bengal ('Sovereigns No. 8.')

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Nawab Nasim Mansur Ali Khan of Bengal ('Sovereigns No. 8.')

by Alfred Thompson (Atn)
chromolithograph, published in Vanity Fair 16 April 1870
13 1/2 in. x 8 3/8 in. (342 mm x 214 mm) overall
Reference Collection
NPG D43427

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Current affairs

William Edward Forster's Education Act is passed, making provisions for education for all under-13s. It demonstrated the balance in Gladstone's first ministry between progressive reform and conservativism by spreading literacy, whilst maintaining the status of Church schools.
The Married Women's Property Act gives wives rights over their own earnings.

Art and science

The Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's fantasy-overture Romeo and Juliet, based on Shakespeare's play and written with the aid of composer Mily Balakirev, debuts in Moscow, conducted by Nikolai Rubenstein.
W. G. Grace becomes cricket captain of Gloucestershire, marking the start of a successful decade for the club in which they won three 'Champion County' titles.


Isaac Butt, an Irish MP at Westminster, forms the Home Rule Association.
The Franco-Prussian war breaks out between France and a coalition of German states led by Prussia. Provoked by the candidacy of German Prince Leopold Hohenzollen-Sigmaringen for the Spanish throne, France declared war in July after Bismark published the deliberately provocative Ems telegraph, in which the French were represented in an offensive light on the issue.

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Lyn Innes

16 October 2018, 20:26

The Nawab was offended by this caricature but his secretary assured him it was an honour to appear in Vanity Fair and that only the most important people were honoured with a caricature. His claim for compensation was refused and he was forced by the British Government to abdicate, and so he was the last Nawab of Bengal.

Lyn Innes

09 November 2015, 15:13

Mansour Ali Khan was Nawab of Bengal 1838-1880, and visited London 1869 to seek recompense from the British Government for the money it had taken from his estate. The justice of his claim was hotly debated in parliament and in the press. While in England he married an Englishwoman (his 4th wife), and enjoyed the favour of Queen Victoria, the Prince of Wales, and other English nobility. Correct tile should be Nawab Nizam of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa