Abdul Hamid II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abdul Hamid II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

published by Cassell & Company, Ltd, after W. & D. Downey
chromolithograph, circa 1876-1878
10 1/2 in. x 8 1/4 in. (267 mm x 208 mm) paper size
Acquired, 1937
Reference Collection
NPG D47407

Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Cassell & Company, Ltd, Photographers. Artist or producer associated with 296 portraits.
  • W. & D. Downey (active 1855-1940), Photographers. Artist or producer associated with 938 portraits.

Events of 1876back to top

Current affairs

Following the introduction of the Royal Titles Act, Queen Victoria is proclaimed Empress of India, with Disraeli deliberately flattering Victoria's imperialist ambitions. In turn, Victoria creates Disraeli Earl of Beaconsfield; he continues to run government from the Lords.

Art and science

The classical-subject painter Lawrence Alma-Tadema, famous for his elegant depictions of the Roman Empire, paints An Audience at Agrippa's.
US inventor Alexander Graham Bell invents and patents the telephone following research into vocal physiology and speech instruction for the deaf, after discovering that sound could be transmitted and reconverted through an electric wire by using a continuous electric current.

International

15,000 Bulgarian Christians are slaughtered by Turkish troops in retaliation for the killing of 300 Turks in Batak at the start of the Bulgarian uprising. The Turkish government practices further repression by compulsorily transferring people of other ethnicities to Bulgaria to make the Bulgarians a minority. Gladstone published a pamphlet The Bulgarian Horrors and the Question of the East attacking Turkish actions, selling 200,000 copies in a month.

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