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Margaret Lemon

3 of 8 portraits of Margaret Lemon

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Margaret Lemon

by Adriaen Lommelin, after Sir Anthony van Dyck
line engraving, circa 1640-1655
9 1/8 in. x 7 in. (232 mm x 179 mm) overall
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Reference Collection
NPG D47400

Sitterback to top

  • Margaret Lemon (born circa 1614), Artist's model and mistress of Sir Anthony van Dyck. Sitter in 8 portraits.

Artistsback to top

  • Adriaen Lommelin (1636 or 1637-after 1673), Engraver. Artist or producer associated with 9 portraits.
  • Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist or producer associated with 1023 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.

Events of 1640back to top

Current affairs

Second Bishops' War. James Graham, Marquess of Montrose, leading the Scottish armies, occupies northeast of England. Defeat at the Battle of Newburn forces impoverished Charles to sign Treaty of Ripon.
Long Parliament. Habeas Corpus Act is passed, abolishing the Star Chamber. Impeachment of Royalists, Earl of Strafford and Archbishop Laud.

Art and science

Author, James Howell, writes Dodona's Grove, a historical allegory of events since 1603. A renowned royalist, Howell's anti-parliamentary remarks in the book would later attract accusations from parliamentarians.
The last Caroline masque before the outbreak of civil war, Salmacida Spolia by Sir William Davenant, is performed at Whitehall Palace.

International

Frederick William becomes Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia. The Elector's policy of religious tolerance benefited his state during the religious struggles dominating the Thirty Years' War.
The Bay Psalm Book is published, the first book to be printed in British North America.

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