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Outdoor garments, autumn 1837

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Outdoor garments, autumn 1837

published in Le Follet, Courrier des Salons, Journal des Modes
hand-coloured etching, line and stipple engraving, circa October 1837
8 1/4 in. x 5 7/8 in. (211 mm x 150 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1930
Reference Collection
NPG D47727

Artistback to top

This portraitback to top

Also published in The Lady's Magazine and Museum, November 1837, with a description:
This plate gives the model of a very beautiful and becoming manteau or cloak. It is composed of puce or violet-coloured velvet, lined and trimmed with ermine. The cloak is made with a regular plain but not very tight fitting corsage. A little fullness is even at the bottom of the back. The sleeves are double, those inside fitting tight to the arm are finished at the bottom by a cuff which turns over the hand, nearly serving the purpose of a muff: the outside ones (see plate), are very elegant sultana sleeves; they are immensely full, closed at top, and open from the bend of the arm, where they are gathered into a small velvet bow, for the purpose of making them fall into more graceful folds; they are lined and trimmed with ermine, and the points finished with small tassels, which may be of either silk or gold. A cape, square at back, cut up upon the shoulders (see plate), and rounded till it reaches the centre of the waist in front, goes over the corsage, it is likewise trimmed with ermine; there is besides a small round flat collar of ermine finished in front by a bow of satin riband; round the waist is a cordelière of silk with rich tassels. Satin hat wadded and quilted, the front is very large; rounded off, and is only demi-évasée (not quite so much off the face as usual); a large full bow of satin riband is placed at the right side. A few light flowers underneath the front, a satin ruche goes round the front; violet brodequins of peau anglaise. Yellow gloves; hair in bands, the ends curled.
Sitting figure - Dress of gros de Naples. Sleeves brought low upon the shoulder, one sabot, the remainder tight. Mantelet to match trimmed with swansdown; satin bonnet, wadded and quilted.

Events of 1837back to top

Current affairs

The controversial monarch William IV dies of pneumonia in June leaving no legitimate heirs, and is succeeded to the throne by his niece Victoria, one month after her eighteenth birthday.
The Registration Act of Births, Marriages and Deaths makes it compulsory for all births, marriages and deaths to be registered at a Registry Office.

Art and science

Dickens's second novel Oliver Twist is serialised in Bentley's Magazine. The story of the orphan Oliver is an attack on the Poor Law Amendment Acts (1834), a highly contentious piece of legislation which abolished outdoor relief, effectively increasing entry in the workhouse. The novel, famously made into a musical in 1968, marks Dickens as an outspoken social critic as well as a highly popular and commercial writer.

International

The Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin is killed in a duel with Baron Georges d'Anthès. Considered the founder of modern Russian literature, Pushkin blended Old Slavonic with vernacular Russian and was the first Russian writer to use everyday speech in his poetry. His works include Eugene Onegin.

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