Alexander Somerville

1 portrait by James Ainsworth

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Alexander Somerville

by W. Wood, published by James Ainsworth, after P. Wilkinson
stipple, published 1852
8 7/8 in. x 5 3/4 in. (225 mm x 145 mm) paper size
Acquired, 1956
Reference Collection
NPG D49410

Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • James Ainsworth (active circa 1852), Publisher. Artist or producer associated with 1 portrait.
  • P. Wilkinson (active circa 1852), Artist. Artist or producer associated with 1 portrait.
  • W. Wood (active circa 1852), Engraver. Artist or producer associated with 1 portrait.

Events of 1852back to top

Current affairs

The Peelites, a breakaway group who had supported Peel during the Corn Law reforms, join the Liberals. The Conservative Edward Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, becomes Prime Minister after Lord John Russell's Liberal administration collapses. The administration is short-lived and replaced by a new Liberal-Peelite coalition, under the leadership of former Tory George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen.

Art and science

Start of spiritualism craze in England.
London physician Peter Mark Roget first publishes his thesaurus.
American author Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes the hugely successful anti-slavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin
Scottish physicist William Thomson formulates the second law of thermodynamics, demonstrating that a rapidly expanding gas cools.

International

Independent Boer republics north of the Vaal and Orange rivers are recognised by Britain following the Sand River Convention. Later, the Bloemfontein Convention (1854) formally recognises the independence of Boer republics between the Vaal and Orange rivers, resulting in the Boer Republic of the Orange Free State.
Tension escalates in Crimea as France demands that Turkey end Russia's exclusive control of the Christian Holy Places in the Ottoman empire.

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