17 of 23 portraits by Henry Colburn
published by Henry Colburn, after Alfred, Count D'Orsay
stipple engraving, published September 1832 (May 1823)
8 7/8 in. x 5 1/2 in. (224 mm x 141 mm) plate size; 9 1/4 in. x 5 7/8 in. (236 mm x 148 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
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Current affairsWilliam IV agrees to the creation of new peers in order to obtain the passage of the Reform Act, although this proved unnecessary when the Tories withdrew opposition. Male franchise is extended by fifty percent; fifty-six 'rotten boroughs' lose representation and forty-one new constituencies are created. Irish and Scottish Reform Acts are also passed.
Art and scienceMathematician Charles Babbage publishes his best selling Economy of Machinery and Manufactures. In response to recent outbreaks of machine-breaking and riots, he aimed to reveal the sources of Britain's industrial strength to the urban elite and promote institutional change.
Parliament votes funds for National Gallery buildings in Trafalgar Square.
InternationalFree land grants end for English settlers in Australia on recommendation of the leading colonisation theorist Edward Wakefield in his Letter from Sydney.
Greek independence recognised by the Treaty of London.
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