Departure from Holland to England (King Charles II)

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Departure from Holland to England (King Charles II)

by Pieter Hendricksz Schut
engraving, 1660 or after
17 1/2 in. x 21 3/4 in. (445 mm x 551 mm) paper size
Reference Collection
NPG D1329

Sitterback to top

  • King Charles II (1630-1685), Reigned 1660-85. Sitter associated with 295 portraits.

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In the first year of his diary Pepys records his momentous visit to Holland among the party sent to bring Charles Stuart back to England to be crowned king. This print shows the royal party ready to depart from Scheveningen on the coast of Holland. Pepys had recently become secretary to the Earl of Sandwich who masterminded the return of the royal family. 'The King, with the two Dukes, the Queen of Bohemia, Princess Royal, and Prince of Orange, came on board: where I in their coming in kissed the Kings, Queen and Precesses hands...All day nothing but Lords and persons of Honour on board, that we were exceeding full. Dined in a great deal of state, the Royal company by themselves in the coach, which was a blessed sight to see.'

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Current affairs

The Convention Parliament and Lords proclaim Charles II king after he issues a declaration from Breda offering an indemnity to those who had committed crimes against the crown during the civil war and Interregnum. Charles lands at Dover from The Hague on 25th May to great pomp and ceremony.

Art and science

Diarist Samuel Pepys starts his diary on 1st January, writing in shorthand. The diary became a unique social document, opening with a brief summary of his domestic situation and the political background.
Dutch portrait painter, Peter Lely, is appointed principal painter to Charles II.
Official foundation of the Royal Society.


The Anglo-Spanish War, begun by Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell, formally ends after the restoration of the British monarchy and peace is made with Philip IV of Spain.

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