by Mason Jackson, published by Illustrated London News, after an intermediary drawing by Thomas Dewell Scott, after a photograph by John & Charles Watkins
wood engraving, published 10 December 1864
Given by Royal Society of British Artists, 1991
Artistsback to top
- Illustrated London News (active 1884-1938), Publisher. Artist associated with 82 portraits.
- Mason Jackson (1819-1903), Wood-engraver and journalist. Artist associated with 7 portraits.
- Thomas Dewell Scott (1828-1911), Painter and wood engraver. Artist associated with 21 portraits.
- John & Charles Watkins (active 1863-1870), Photographers. Artist associated with 334 portraits.
Events of 1864back to top
Current affairsFirst of the Contagious Diseases Act. These acts allowed for the arrest, medical inspection and confinement of any woman suspected of being a prostitute in the port towns. Following huge public outcry over their discrimination against women, notably led by Josephine Butler, leader of the Ladies' National Association, the acts were eventually repealed.
Octavia Hill starts work on slums, and the International Working Men's Association is founded in London.
Art and scienceThe Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell presents his discoveries in the field of electromagnetics to the Royal Society. His paper A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field expresses the basic laws of electricity and magnetism in unified fashion. Maxwell's equations, as his rules came to be known, helped create modern physics, laying the foundation for future work in special relativity and quantum mechanics.
InternationalAustria and Prussia combine forces to seize Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.
Britain cedes Corfu, acquired from France in the Second Treaty of Paris (1815) to Greece. Although Britain had vigorously suppressed an uprising in 1849 in Cephalonia aiming to restore Iolian islands, the government changed policy throughout the 1850s and 60s.
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