by Michael Vandergucht
line engraving, published 1711
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
Events of 1711back to top
Current affairsQueen Anne dismisses from office her closest companion, Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough, over disagreements principally concerning matters of state. Sarah's husband, the Duke of Marlborough, is also dismissed, a victim of ambition and political intrigue.
The South Sea Company is launched to undertake the nation's debt.
Art and scienceComposer, George Frideric Handel's first London opera Rinaldo is staged at the Queen's Theatre and privately performed for the queen on her birthday at St. James's Palace. The following year Handel would leave the Hanoverian court to settle in London.
Essayists, Sir Richard Steele and Joseph Addison establish The Spectator.
InternationalSecret peace negotiations between France and England resume to end the War of the Spanish Succession. Lord treasurer, Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford sends poet and diplomat, Matthew Prior, to France accompanied by Louis XIV's secret negotiator, François Gaultier, to conduct talks directly with the French king.
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