by Alexander Bannerman, after William Aikman
line engraving, published 1762
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
Sitterback to top
- William Kent (1685?-1748), Architect, painter and landscape gardener. Sitter associated with 8 portraits, Artist associated with 4 portraits.
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This portraitback to top
William Kent came from humble origins but gained knowledge of the classics when his early patrons took him on a Grand Tour of Italy. His status as a learned gentleman is conveyed in this portrait by his loose cap, the typical costume of a 'virtuoso', a refined lover of the arts and sciences.
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Events of 1762back to top
Current affairsBirth of George, Prince of Wales (later George IV) on 12 August.
Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle resigns as Prime Minister over foreign policy and is succeeded by the Tory John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute. Many of Newcastle's followers are dismissed over the following months in what becomes popularly known as the 'Massacre of the Pelhamite Innocents'.
'Cock Lane ghost' appears in Smithfield, London.
Art and scienceJames MacPherson publishes Fingal, an Ancient Epic Poem, said to be the work of the third century Scottish bard Ossian, initiating the greatest literary hoax of the century.
Sign-Painters Exhibition is organised in London by Bonnell Thornton to ridicule recently established public art exhibitions.
Artist William Hogarth publishes The Times Plate 1; an anti-war satire.
InternationalPhilosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau publishes his major works The Social Contract and Emile; influential treatises on society and education. Peter III of Russia is reputedly assassinated as a result of a conspiracy led by his wife Catherine, who succeeds him to the throne as Catherine II (later the Great).
Seven Years' War: The British commander John Manners Marquess of Granby distinguishes himself at the Battle of Manila.