by Charles Howard Hodges, after Gilbert Stuart
mezzotint, published 1790
14 in. x 10 3/4 in. (359 mm x 277 mm)
Artistsback to top
This portraitback to top
Born in Dublin and educated at Oxford, Beresford became Archbishop of Dublin in 1820 and then Primate of all Ireland from 1822. He strongly opposed the Roman Catholic Relief Bill of 1829. It was passed, however, finally allowing Catholics to sit in Parliament and hold all offices of state apart from Regent, Lord lieutenant and Lord Chancellor.
Events of 1790back to top
Current affairsAttempts to modify the Test and Corporation Acts are defeated, despite campaigning by dissenters such as the prominent Unitarian preacher and pamphleteer, Richard Price. The Acts prevented those outside the established church from holding government or military office.
Art and scienceJoseph Mallord William Turner exhibits his first painting at the Royal Academy; a watercolour of The Archbishop's Palace, Lambeth.
The Firth to Clyde and Oxford to Birmingham canals are begun.
InternationalEdmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France. A landmark work of opposition to the Revolution which offered a critique of the radical philosophy behind events in France; the Reflections have been read as an articulation of the foundations of modern British conservatism. George Vancouver explores the north west coast of America.
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