by Michael Vandergucht
line engraving, 1716-1725
11 1/8 in. x 6 7/8 in. (284 mm x 174 mm) plate size; 13 1/4 in. x 8 1/4 in. (336 mm x 208 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
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Events of 1716back to top
Current affairsFailure of the Jacobite rebellion. John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll disperses the remainder of the Jacobite troops. The Pretender, James Stuart, flees to France. Jacobite leaders James Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Derwentwater and William Gordon, 6th Viscount of Kenmure are executed.
Septennial Act extends life of parliament from three to seven years.
Art and scienceArtist Philip Mercier settles in England from Paris.
Physicist and Astronomer Royal Edmond Halley suggests a precise measurement of the distance between the Earth and the Sun by timing the transit of Venus.
InternationalLady Mary Wortley Montagu leaves for Turkey with her husband who takes up the post of Ambassador to Constantinople. While there she writes a series of letters, observing contemporary Turkish life, later to be published as the celebrated Turkish Embassy Letters.
Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI has a son, but the child dies within the year.
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