Robert Rainy Pennington

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Robert Rainy Pennington

by William Walker, after Frederick Richard Say
mezzotint, published 1849
16 in. x 12 3/8 in. (406 mm x 314 mm) plate size; 20 1/4 in. x 15 3/8 in. (514 mm x 391 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Reference Collection
NPG D8545

Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Frederick Richard Say (1805-1868), Engraver. Artist or producer associated with 48 portraits.
  • William Walker (1791-1867), Photographer, engraver and publisher. Artist or producer associated with 128 portraits.

Subject/Themeback to top

Events of 1849back to top

Current affairs

Benjamin Disraeli becomes Conservative leader in the House of Commons.
Bedford College for Women is founded, following on from the foundation of Queen's College for Women the previous year.
Henry Mayhew, the social researcher and reform advocate, begins publishing his extensive statistical survey into the living conditions of urban communities, London Labour and the London Poor in the Morning Chronicle.

Art and science

With the death of his father Johann Strauss the Elder, Johann Baptist Strauss, the Austrian violinist and composer combines his and his father's orchestra, becoming known as 'the Waltz King'. His famous waltzes include The Blue Danube (1867). Dante Gabriel Rossetti paints his sister, the poet Christina, in The Girlhood of Mary Virgin.

International

Rome is briefly proclaimed a republic after the papal states are overthrown by Italian republicans. Napoleon's dependency on French Catholics leads him however to help restore papal authority. The restoration of Austrian military rule in Italy further darkens hopes of a self-ruling Italian nationhood.
Communist riots are suppressed in Paris.

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