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Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton

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Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton

by William Holl Jr, after George Richmond
stipple engraving, 1852 or after (circa 1844)
22 1/2 in. x 17 1/2 in. (570 mm x 445 mm) paper size
Purchased, 1929
Reference Collection
NPG D9802

Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • William Holl Jr (1807-1871), Engraver. Artist associated with 176 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
  • George Richmond (1809-1896), Portrait painter and draughtsman; son of Thomas Richmond. Artist associated with 325 portraits, Sitter in 14 portraits.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG 3824: Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton (after)
  • NPG D20668: Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton (from same plate)
  • NPG D36004: Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton (from same plate)

Events of 1852back to top

Current affairs

The Peelites, a breakaway group who had supported Peel during the Corn Law reforms, join the Liberals. The Conservative Edward Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, becomes Prime Minister after Lord John Russell's Liberal administration collapses. The administration is short-lived and replaced by a new Liberal-Peelite coalition, under the leadership of former Tory George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen.

Art and science

Start of spiritualism craze in England.
London physician Peter Mark Roget first publishes his thesaurus.
American author Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes the hugely successful anti-slavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin
Scottish physicist William Thomson formulates the second law of thermodynamics, demonstrating that a rapidly expanding gas cools.

International

Independent Boer republics north of the Vaal and Orange rivers are recognised by Britain following the Sand River Convention. Later, the Bloemfontein Convention (1854) formally recognises the independence of Boer republics between the Vaal and Orange rivers, resulting in the Boer Republic of the Orange Free State.
Tension escalates in Crimea as France demands that Turkey end Russia's exclusive control of the Christian Holy Places in the Ottoman empire.

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Michael E. Reed

12 October 2021, 06:23

Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton was the son of Robert Pemberton Milnes whose second cousin was Mrs Anna Jane Lupton (nee Busk, died 1888). As Mayoress of Leeds (1844-45), Mrs Lupton and her sister-in-law educationalist Mrs Frances Lupton (nee Greenhow, died 1892) were instrumental in Leeds society, often supporting the need for higher education for both local women and those living in Northern England. A believer himself in the advancement of women, Lord Houghton supported both Meta - Mrs Elizabeth Gaskell's daughter - and Mrs Frances Lupton in their work as the Representatives of the Manchester and Leeds Ladies' Educational Associations and on The North of England Council for Promoting the Higher Education of Women. The Spectator reported upon Meta Gaskell's death in 1913 that, "Lord Houghton once said that the conversation and society to be met with in the house of the Gaskells at Manchester - Plymouth Grove - were the one thing which made life in that city tolerable for people of literary tastes".

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