1 portrait of Florence Nightingale
by Henry Hering, published by Alfred William Bennett
albumen carte-de-visite, (late 1856-1857)
3 1/2 in. x 2 1/4 in. (88 mm x 58 mm)
Given by Hugh Tolson, 1936
Sitterback to top
- Florence Nightingale (1820-1910), Reformer of hospital nursing and of the Army Medical Services. Sitter associated with 36 portraits.
Artistsback to top
This portraitback to top
This photograph was considered by the Nightingale family to be the best likeness. It was frequently reproduced, such as the vignetted version. The wide dissemination of these images made it the iconic representation of Florence Nightingale. At the time of the sitting, she was working on her pioneering statistical report Notes on matters affecting the health, efficiency, and hospital administration of the British Army (1858), which concluded, 'Our soldiers are being enlisted to die in barracks'.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Hamilton, Peter; Hargreaves, Roger, The Beautiful and the Damned: The Creation of Identity in Nineteenth Century Portrait Photography, 2001 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 6 June to 7 October 2001), p. 48
- Hart-Davis, Adam, Chain Reactions, 2000, p. 87
- Rogers, Malcolm, Camera Portraits, 1989 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 20 October 1989 - 21 January 1990), p. 51
Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top
- Florence Nightingale 1820 - 1910 (17 May 2010 - 12 December 2010)
Events of 1856back to top
Current affairsQueen Victoria introduces the Victoria cross, an award for British soldiers who displayed exceptional valour in battle. Each medal was produced from Russian guns captured in the British war. In 2006, Lance Corporal Johnson Beharry became the first living recipient of the Victoria Cross since 1965, for his actions in the Iraq war.
Art and scienceThe National Portrait Gallery is founded by Philip Henry Stanhope, 5th Earl of Stanhope, Thomas Babington Macaulay, and Thomas Carlyle, all biographers and historians. Historical rather than artistic in focus, the Gallery's aim was to collect original portraits of outstanding figures from British history, notably from politics, the arts, literature and science.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning publishes her epic and autobiographical poem Aurora Leigh.
InternationalThe Treaty of Paris ends the Crimean war. Russia concedes to the Anglo-French-Austrian Four Points of August 1854 including the guarantee of Ottoman sovereignty and territorial integrity. Russia also agreed to a demilitarisation of the land islands in the Baltics, a term which lasted until the outbreak of the First World War.
Britain launches the second Opium war against China.