by John Smith, published by Alexander Browne, after Balthazar van Lemens
mezzotint, circa 1684
10 1/2 in. x 6 1/2 in. (267 mm x 165 mm) plate size; 11 5/8 in. x 7 5/8 in. (295 mm x 195 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries, 1984
Artistsback to top
- Alexander Browne (active 1659-died 1706), Artist, publisher, printseller, auctioneer and dealer. Artist associated with 149 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Balthazar van Lemens (1637-1704), Artist. Artist associated with 5 portraits.
This portraitback to top
A variation of Botticelli's Venus. John Smith had to work during the 1680s, early in his career, for other publishers. He made seven plates for Alexander Browne, four portraits and three after old master paintings (the present example, Venus and Adonis after Titian and St Catherine after Correggio).
Placesback to top
- Place made: United Kingdom: England, London (Blue Balcony, Little Queen Street, London)
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1684back to top
Current affairsJames, Duke of York's influence grows within Charles II's government; the Admiralty commission is abolished, allowing James to resume his role as lord admiral, in all but name. A new generation of Tories, supporters of James are bestowed with influential roles, including Sir George Jeffreys, recently appointed Lord Chief Justice.
Art and scienceItalian decorative artist, Antonio Verrio, is appointed 'principal Gardiner and Surveyor' to the King.
Author, John Bunyan, publishes the second part of his Pilgrim's Progress.