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William Russell, 1st Duke of Bedford

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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William Russell, 1st Duke of Bedford

by Robert Williams, published by John Smith, after Edward Lutterell (Luttrell)
mezzotint, circa 1698-1704 (1698)
13 3/4 in. x 10 1/8 in. (350 mm x 256 mm) plate size; 14 1/4 in. x 10 1/2 in. (361mm x 266 mm) paper size
Purchased, 1944
Reference Collection
NPG D11569

Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Edward Lutterell (Luttrell) (died 1737), Mezzotinter and pastel draughtsman. Artist associated with 65 portraits.
  • John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Robert Williams (active 1680-1704), Mezzotinter. Artist associated with 76 portraits.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG D20073: William Russell, 1st Duke of Bedford (from same plate)
  • NPG 1824: William Russell, 1st Duke of Bedford (after)

Placesback to top

Subject/Themeback to top

Events of 1698back to top

Current affairs

The king's residence, Whitehall Palace, is destroyed by fire. The Banqueting House survives.
Issues surrounding the prerogative of the king and size of a standing army during peacetime serve as the principal subjects for debate during the general election. The Whig Junto majority is reduced by resurgent Tory opposition.

Art and science

Anti-theatrical polemicist, Jeremy Collier writes, A Short View, attacking the immorality of the theatre.
John Bunyan's The Heavenly Foot-Man, a sermon on Christian life, is published posthumously.


Instructed by William III, Arnold Joost van Keppel, earl of Albemarle, negotiates with Louis XIV over issues surrounding the Spanish succession. Proposals in the first partition treaty are agreed by both sides.
Peter I of Russia visits England eager to strengthen diplomatic ties with other European countries.

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