by James Gillray, published by W. Renegal
hand-coloured etching, published 15 May 1780
9 7/8 in. x 13 7/8 in. (251 mm x 353 mm) paper size
Sittersback to top
- John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute (1713-1792), Prime Minister. Sitter in 12 portraits.
- King George III (1738-1820), Reigned 1760-1820. Sitter associated with 189 portraits.
- William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield (1705-1793), Judge. Sitter in 16 portraits.
- Alexander Wedderburn, 1st Earl of Rosslyn (Lord Loughborough) (1733-1805), Lord Chancellor. Sitter associated with 33 portraits.
Artistsback to top
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1780back to top
Current affairsAnti-Catholic mob led by Lord George Gordon marches on Parliament to protest against the Catholic Relief Act, leading to the outbreak of the Gordon Riots in London. Six days of rioting are ended by the intervention of troops, with 285 people shot dead.
Dunning's Motion in Parliament attacks the influence of the crown, suggesting that it has increased and ought to be diminished.
Art and scienceRoyal Academy moves to Somerset House on The Strand, London.
Mrs E. Johnson's British Gazette and Sunday Monitor, the first Sunday newspaper in Britain, begins publication.
Potter Josiah Wedgwood invents the pyrometer; a device used for measuring high temperatures.
InternationalAmerican War of Independence: British troops under Charles Cornwallis defeat American army under Horatio Gates at Camden, South Carolina. The capture of British army officer and spy John André yields proof that US general Benedict Arnold is in the pay of the British. André is executed in as a spy.
Second Anglo-Mysore War in India between Hyder Ali and the East India Company.
Bolshoi Theatre of opera and ballet is founded in Moscow.