by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 22 November 1791
9 7/8 in. x 13 7/8 in. (251 mm x 354 mm) plate size; 10 5/8 in. x 14 5/8 in. (270 mm x 370 mm) paper size
Sittersback to top
- Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744-1818), Queen consort of George III. Sitter associated with 84 portraits. Identify
- Frederica Charlotte Ulrica Catherina, Duchess of York and Albany (1767-1820), Wife of Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. Sitter in 17 portraits. Identify
- Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (1763-1827), Commander-in-Chief of the Army; son of George III. Sitter associated with 73 portraits. Identify
- King George III (1738-1820), Reigned 1760-1820. Sitter associated with 193 portraits. Identify
Artistsback to top
Events of 1791back to top
Current affairsThomas Paine publishes his inflammatory and widely read Rights of Man in response to Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France of the previous year. The work advocates radical revolution and prompts a trial for seditious libel that takes place in his absence.
The Catholic Relief Act is passed, repealing the most severe penal laws.
Art and scienceRobert Burns publishes Tam O'Shanter, combining the Scottish vernacular with the formal traditions of classical English poetry and exploring radical ideas of freedom.
The Observer newspaper is founded.
The Ordnance Survey is set up to prepare detailed maps of the country.
InternationalMozart composes The Magic Flute.
The Declaration of the Rights of Man establishes liberal freedoms in France
The French Constitution is passed by the National Assembly.
Louis XVI flees Paris with his family but is captured at Varennes.
William Pitt declares Britain will remain neutral in any war against France.