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Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester

Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester, by Isaac Beckett, published by  John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt, 1681-1688 - NPG D11659 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester

by Isaac Beckett, published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1681-1688
13 3/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (340 mm x 252 mm) plate size; 13 3/4 in. x 10 3/8 in. (350 mm x 262 mm) paper size
Purchased, 1944
Reference Collection
NPG D11659

Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Isaac Beckett (1652 or 1653-1688), Engraver. Artist associated with 184 portraits.
  • Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1684 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
  • John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG 4033: Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester (after)

Placesback to top

Subject/Themeback to top

Events of 1681back to top

Current affairs

Third Exclusion Parliament meets in Oxford avoiding disruption in Whig-dominated London. Charles II refuses Exclusionists's proposal that James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, his illegitimate son with Lucy Walter, should succeed to the throne, replacing James, Duke of York.
Prominent Exclusionist, Anthony Ashley-Cooper, is arrested on suspicion of high treason.

Art and science

Natural philosopher, Samuel Morland is appointed 'Master of Mechanicks' to the king having transformed Windsor Castle's water system.
Architect, Christopher Wren, is commissioned to design the Royal Hospital, Chelsea.
Poet laureate, John Dryden, writes political satire Absalom and Achitophel, focusing upon the trial of Anthony Ashley-Cooper.

International

King of France, Louis XIV, concerned by England's instability over the exclusion crisis, offers Charles II a subsidy, bolstering the king in his dealings with Parliament. In return, England agrees to withdraw from entering an anti-French alliance with Spain; Laurence Hyde, Lord of the Treasury, signs the accord with France.

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