'The royal bull-fight'
16 of 27 portraits of Augustus Henry FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton
'The royal bull-fight'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 November 1795
9 3/4 in. x 13 5/8 in. (247 mm x 346 mm) paper size
Artistsback to top
Sittersback to top
- Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744-1818), Queen consort of George III. Sitter associated with 84 portraits.
- Edward Smith Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby (1752-1834), Sportsman and patron of horse-racing. Sitter associated with 65 portraits.
- Charles James Fox (1749-1806), Whig statesman. Sitter associated with 306 portraits.
- King George III (1738-1820), Reigned 1760-1820. Sitter associated with 192 portraits.
- King George IV (1762-1830), Regent 1811-19; Reigned 1820-30. Sitter associated with 262 portraits.
- Augustus Henry FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton (1735-1811), Prime Minister. Sitter in 27 portraits.
- William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville (1759-1834), Prime Minister. Sitter associated with 70 portraits.
- William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (1737-1805), Prime Minister and patron of the arts. Sitter associated with 67 portraits.
- William Pitt (1759-1806), Prime Minister. Sitter associated with 173 portraits.
- Alexander Wedderburn, 1st Earl of Rosslyn (Lord Loughborough) (1733-1805), Lord Chancellor. Sitter associated with 33 portraits.
- Richard Brinsley Sheridan (1751-1816), Dramatist and parliamentary orator. Sitter associated with 167 portraits.
- Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope (1753-1816), Scientist and politician; MP for Wycombe. Sitter associated with 46 portraits.
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1795back to top
Current affairsGeorge, Prince of Wales is forced to marry Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, despite having secretly married Maria Fitzherbert in 1785.
Widespread rioting prompts the introduction of the Speenhamland system of welfare supplements which are linked to the price of bread.
Treasonable Practices Act is passed against open criticism of government.
Art and scienceThe MP Matthew Gregory 'Monk' Lewis publishes his notorious gothic novel The Monk to success and scandal because of its immoral content.
Mungo Park explores the course of the River Niger.
InternationalWolfe Tone, founder of The Society of United Irishmen, departs for America after being implicated in high treason in Ireland. Exiled in Philadelphia, he soon leaves for France to ask revolutionaries for assistance.
Joseph Haydn composes the English Canzonettas during his second stay in London.
Recommended Exhibitions & displays
- Everyday Icons: Collecting Popular Portraits
Until 1 March 2020