Mary, Queen of Scots

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mary, Queen of Scots

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1618
7 1/2 in. x 4 3/8 in. (190 mm x 112 mm) plate size; 10 1/8 in. x 6 5/8 in. (258 mm x 167 mm) paper size
Reference Collection
NPG D13178

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This engraving was made after Mary's death, and was probably based by the engraver, Elstrack, on her effigy in Westminster Abbey, which itself derived from the Hilliard miniature. Elstrack's print was made as part of a series of portrait prints of Kings and Queens of England, plus some other related royals, called the Baziliologia, published in 1618. The reason for Mary's inclusion in the series is made clear by the inscription around her portrait: she was 'Mother to our Soveraigne Lord James of greate Brittaine France & Ireland king'.

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Current affairs

Francis Bacon, Viscount St Alban, is appointed Lord High Chancellor. He would be impeached for bribery three years later ending his political career.
Lord High Treasurer Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk, and his wife, Katherine, are charged with embezzlement and found guilty the following year.

Art and science

Jurist, politician and scholar, John Selden, publishes his History of Tythes, in which he concedes the legal right of the Church of England to collect tithes, but denies divine authority.
The Royal College of Physicians compiles the London Pharmacopoeia, a standard list of medicines and their ingredients.


Sir Walter Ralegh's voyage to Guiana tragically fails. Unable to find treasure, his attack against the Spanish settlement San Thomé, during which his son Walter dies, dangerously jeopardises Anglo-Spanish relations. Ralegh returns home and is executed for treason.
Start of the Thirty Years War, precipitated by the Bohemian Revolt.

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