'The wounded lion'
20 of 32 portraits of William Wilberforce
'The wounded lion'
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 July 1805
10 1/4 in. x 14 1/8 in. (260 mm x 360 mm) plate size; 10 7/8 in. x 15 in. (277 mm x 381 mm) paper size
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Artistsback to top
Sittersback to top
- Sir Robert Adair (1763-1855), Diplomat. Sitter associated with 7 portraits.
- John Hiley Addington (1759-1818), Politician; MP for several constituencies. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Charles Bragge Bathurst (1754-1831), Politician; MP for several constituencies. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine (1750-1823), Lord Chancellor. Sitter associated with 69 portraits.
- Charles James Fox (1749-1806), Whig statesman. Sitter associated with 305 portraits.
- Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey (1764-1845), Prime Minister. Sitter associated with 177 portraits.
- Joseph Jekyll (1754-1837), Wit, Solicitor-General to the Prince of Wales and politician; MP for Calne. Sitter associated with 16 portraits.
- Charles Kinnaird, 8th Lord Kinnaird of Inchture (1780-1826), Politician and art collector. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville (1742-1811), Statesman. Sitter associated with 82 portraits.
- John Jervis, Earl of St Vincent (1735-1823), Admiral. Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth (1757-1844), Prime Minister. Sitter associated with 71 portraits.
- William Wilberforce (1759-1833), Philanthropist and reformer. Sitter associated with 32 portraits.
Events of 1805back to top
Current affairsNelson's state funeral is held at St Paul's. An occasion for an outpouring of national grief and patriotism, the grand ceremony built on the cult of Nelson which had emerged in the years before his death.
Art and scienceMary Tighe publishes Pysche or the Legend of Love, a romantic allegory in the fashionable medieval revival style, admired by both Keats and Shelley.
The 'poems of Ossian' are officially declared a fake and a great literary scandal ends as Scottish poet James Macpherson is exposed as the forger of the third century bard's epic works.
InternationalBattle of Trafalgar. Napoleon's ultimate plan to invade England from Boulogne with 100,000 men is thwarted by superior British naval power. Nelson dies in the closing moments of battle having been wounded by a French sniper, but survives long enough to learn that a decisive victory has been won.
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