by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 7 August 1804
13 3/4 in. x 19 5/8 in. (348 mm x 500 mm) plate size; 14 1/8 in. x 20 1/2 in. (360 mm x 521 mm) paper size
Artistsback to top
Sittersback to top
- Sir Robert Adair (1763-1855), Diplomat. Sitter associated with 7 portraits.
- John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford (1766-1839), Landowner; Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. Sitter associated with 26 portraits.
- William Bosville (1745-1813), Bon vivant. Sitter in 10 portraits.
- Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt (1770-1844), Parliamentary reformer. Sitter associated with 119 portraits.
- Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle (1748-1825), Politician and diplomat. Sitter associated with 26 portraits.
- Sir William Curtis, 1st Bt (1752-1829), Lord Mayor of London. Sitter in 10 portraits.
- Edward Smith Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby (1752-1834), Sportsman and patron of horse-racing. Sitter associated with 65 portraits.
- Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine (1750-1823), Lord Chancellor. Sitter associated with 69 portraits.
- Charles James Fox (1749-1806), Whig statesman. Sitter associated with 305 portraits.
- Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey (1764-1845), Prime Minister. Sitter associated with 177 portraits.
- Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings (1754-1826), Army officer and Politician, Governor-General of India. Sitter in 46 portraits.
- Thomas Tyrwhitt Jones (1765-1811), Politician; MP for several constituencies. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (1737-1805), Prime Minister and patron of the arts. Sitter associated with 67 portraits.
- George Boulton Mainwaring (born 1773?), Politician; MP for Middlesex. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk (1746-1815), Politician; MP for Carlise and Arundel. Sitter associated with 55 portraits.
- Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland (1742-1817), Soldier and politician. Sitter associated with 8 portraits.
- William Pitt (1759-1806), Prime Minister. Sitter associated with 173 portraits.
- Richard Brinsley Sheridan (1751-1816), Dramatist and parliamentary orator. Sitter associated with 167 portraits.
- George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758-1834), First Lord of the Admiralty. Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
- George Tierney (1761-1830), Politician; MP for Southwark and Knaresborough. Sitter associated with 50 portraits.
- John Horne Tooke (1736-1812), Radical politician; MP and philologist. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.
- George Walpole (1758-1835), Soldier. Sitter in 8 portraits.
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1804back to top
Current affairsWilliam Pitt returns to office and forms a second coalition administration, retaining many of those who had served under his predecessor Henry Addington but specifically excluding his arch rival Charles James Fox .
Art and scienceWilliam Blake starts writing Jerusalem. One of his most ambitious allegorical poems, it took nearly eight years to complete.
Amidst infighting about submissions to the annual exhibition, attempts are made to unseat painter Benjamin West as President of the Royal Academy and elect architect James Wyatt instead.
InternationalNapoleon declares himself Emperor of France and is crowned as Napoleon I by Pope Pius VII in Paris.
Haiti achieves independence led by Toussaint L'Ouverture, the patriot and martyr who had seized control from the French in 1801. He becomes a symbolic figure of freedom for the British anti-slavery movement.