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The Duke of Wellington visiting the Effigy and Personal Relics of Napoleon (Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington)

1 portrait of James Scott

The Duke of Wellington visiting the Effigy and Personal Relics of Napoleon (Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington), by James Scott, after  Sir George Hayter, published 1854 - NPG D13760 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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The Duke of Wellington visiting the Effigy and Personal Relics of Napoleon (Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington)

by James Scott, after Sir George Hayter
mezzotint, published 1854
22 in. x 29 in. (559 mm x 737 mm) paper size
Reference Collection
NPG D13760

Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Sir George Hayter (1792-1871), Portrait and history painter; son of Charles Hayter. Artist associated with 198 portraits, Sitter associated with 16 portraits.
  • James Scott (circa 1809-circa 1889), Engraver. Artist associated with 132 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.

This portraitback to top

This powerful mezzotint shows a poignant encounter between the victor and the vanquished. Wellington caused Napoleon's final abdication after his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo (1815). He was the only international commander that Napoleon had not beaten. Both were heroes in their own way. Though Napoleon was England's greatest enemy during the Regency period, he was also widely considered to be the 'great man' and 'genius' of the age. He dominated European political and military affairs for over twenty years and his death in 1821 was marked with sadness even by his greatest opponents.

Events of 1854back to top

Current affairs

The Working Men's College in London is founded by Frederick Maurice, who along with Charles Kingsley, a leading proponent of Christian Socialism, mocked by its opponents as 'muscular Christianity'. Christian Socialism attempted to combine the fundamental aims of socialism with the ethics of Christianity.
William Howard Russell is sent to cover the Crimean war by his paper, The Times; his dispatches mark the start of modern war correspondence.

Art and science

The artist William Powell Frith paints his famous Ramsgate Sands, Life at the Seaside, an astute observation of modern leisure time.
Dr John Snow, the founder of epidemiology, discovers that cholera is spread by water, rather than air, following the deaths of 500 people in ten days who had drank from a water pump in Broad Street. The Public Health Act is passed in response, setting up the General Board of Health.

International

Britain enters the Crimean war on 31 March, after an alliance is formed between Turkey, France, Sardinia and Britain against Russia. Florence Nightingale achieves great fame in introducing modern nursing techniques to the battlefield, earning her the title 'Lady with the Lamp'.

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