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The late Field Marshals of England; Wellington & Lord Raglan, crossing the Pyrenees, 1813

The late Field Marshals of England; Wellington & Lord Raglan, crossing the Pyrenees, 1813, by William Greatbach, by  Robert Wallis, after  Thomas Jones Barker, published 1858 (originally published 1856) - NPG D13774 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

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The late Field Marshals of England; Wellington & Lord Raglan, crossing the Pyrenees, 1813

by William Greatbach, by Robert Wallis, after Thomas Jones Barker
line engraving, published 1858 (originally published 1856)
29 1/2 in. x 22 5/8 in. (750 mm x 576 mm) paper size
Given by Miss M.A. Wardlow, 1941
Reference Collection
NPG D13774

Sittersback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Thomas Jones Barker (1815-1882), Painter of portraits and military subjects. Artist associated with 6 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
  • William Greatbach (1802-1885), Engraver and illustrator. Artist associated with 40 portraits.
  • Robert Wallis (1794-1878). Artist associated with 1 portrait.

This portraitback to top

In this line engraving, Wellington and his aide-de-camp Raglan are shown crossing the Pyrenees to invade southern France in the decisive final stages of the Peninsular campaign (1809-14). As they move imperiously through the rocky landscape, Wellington and Raglan communicate a sense of the British Army's superiority and impending victory. Entitled 'The Late Field-Marshals of England' it was published in 1856 to commemorate the heroism of both men after their recent deaths. Raglan had been promoted to field-marshal in 1854 and commanded troops in the Crimea. His reputation had been tarnished by the appalling conditions endured by his men there, but his early career was long regarded as exceptional.

Placesback to top

  • Place portrayed: France (The Pyranees)

Events of 1858back to top

Current affairs

After Palmerstone's government collapses, the Earl of Derby becomes Prime Minister for second time, again heading a minority government.
The Property qualification for MPs is abolished; one of the demands made by the Chartists, this allowed men who did not own property to stand as parliamentary candidates. Lionel Nathan Rothschild becomes the first Jew to sit in Britain's House of Commons, taking his oath on the Old Testament.

Art and science

The pianist Charles Hallé founds a symphony orchestra in Manchester, the Halle; now Britain's oldest professional orchestra. The Hallé symphony rose to prominence in the mid-20th century, under the tenure of conductor John Barbirolli, during which time they made many recordings, including Ralph Vaughan Williams's Symphony No. 8.


The British Crown assumes control of India from the East India Company.
The Treaty of Tientsin, ending the Second Opium War, gives European powers new rights to intervene in Chinese affairs
The Fenian Brotherhood is founded by John O'Mahony, an Irish emigrant to the United States, to support Irish republican ambitions.

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