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Edith Mary Liddell; Ina Liddell; Alice Liddell

3 of 17 portraits of Alice Liddell

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© National Portrait Gallery, London and the National Media Museum (part of the Science Museum Group, London)

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Edith Mary Liddell; Ina Liddell; Alice Liddell

by Lewis Carroll
albumen print, Summer 1858
6 1/8 in. x 6 7/8 in. (156 mm x 176 mm)
Purchased jointly with the National Science and Media Museum, Bradford, with help from the Art Fund and the National Heritage Memorial Fund, 2002
Primary Collection
NPG P991(4)

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  • 100 Photographs, 2018, p. 24 Read entry

    Edith (1854-76), Ina (1849-1930) and Alice (1852-1934) Liddell were daughters of Henry Liddell, Dean of Christ Church, Oxford. Following their father’s appointment in 1855, the family moved to Oxford, where they lived on the college grounds. During this time, the Liddells befriended Lewis Carroll (1832-98), a lecturer in mathematics at the college and a keen amateur photographer. Carroll specialised in portraiture, especially of children, and Alice quickly became one of his favourite sitters. She was later made famous by Carroll as the title character in Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (1865), while Edith and Ina provided inspiration for the characters of ‘Eaglet’ and ‘Lory’.

  • Prodger, Phillip, Victorian Giants, The Birth of Art Photography, 2018 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 1 March - 20 May 2018), p. 73
  • Various contributors, National Portrait Gallery: A Portrait of Britain, 2014, p. 164

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Current affairs

After Palmerston's government collapses, the Earl of Derby becomes Prime Minister for second time, again heading a minority government.
The Property qualification for MPs is abolished; one of the demands made by the Chartists, this allowed men who did not own property to stand as parliamentary candidates. Lionel Nathan Rothschild becomes the first Jew to sit in Britain's House of Commons, taking his oath on the Old Testament.

Art and science

The pianist Charles Hallé founds a symphony orchestra in Manchester, the Halle; now Britain's oldest professional orchestra. The Hallé symphony rose to prominence in the mid-20th century, under the tenure of conductor John Barbirolli, during which time they made many recordings, including Ralph Vaughan Williams's Symphony No. 8.


The British Crown assumes control of India from the East India Company.
The Treaty of Tientsin, ending the Second Opium War, gives European powers new rights to intervene in Chinese affairs
The Fenian Brotherhood is founded by John O'Mahony, an Irish emigrant to the United States, to support Irish republican ambitions.

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