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John Stafford Smith

1 of 2 portraits of John Stafford Smith

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John Stafford Smith

by Thomas Illman, published by T. Williams, after William Behnes
stipple engraving, circa 1775-1800
7 in. x 5 in. (177 mm x 128 mm) plate size; 7 1/8 in. x 5 1/8 in. (182 mm x 131 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by (Frederick) Leverton Harris, 1927
Reference Collection
NPG D14084

Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • William Behnes (1794-1864), Sculptor. Artist associated with 31 portraits.
  • Thomas Illman (active 1812-1860), Stipple engraver. Artist associated with 6 portraits.
  • T. Williams (active circa late 18th century), Publisher. Artist associated with 1 portrait.

Events of 1775back to top

Current affairs

Act of Parliament extends inventor James Watt's patent (first granted in 1769) and the first steam engines are built under it.
First known building society - Ketley's Building Society - is established in Birmingham by Richard Ketley, landlord of the Golden Cross Inn.

Art and science

First performance of Richard Brinsley Sheridan's play The Rivals at the Covent Garden Theatre in London.
Artist J.M.W. Turner is born.
Satirist James Gillray's first engravings and etchings are published.
Navigator Captain Cook publishes his discovery of a preventive cure against scurvy, in the form of a regular ration of lemon juice.

International

War of American Independence begins with British defeat at Lexington and Concord and lasts until 1783. British achieve a narrow and costly victory over the Americans at the Battle of Bunker Hill. Edmund Burke delivers a speech to the British Parliament on conciliation with the American colonies.
First performance of Pierre Beaumarchais' comic opera The Barber of Seville in Paris.
Pope Pius VI succeeds Pope Clement XIV as the 251st pope.

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