by Frederick Bromley, published by Henry Graves, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, published 1861 (1773)
8 1/2 in. x 9 1/2 in. (216 mm x 241 mm) plate size; 9 1/2 in. x 10 3/8 in. (242 mm x 264 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by (Frederick) Leverton Harris, 1927
Artistsback to top
- Frederick Bromley (active 1832-1870), Engraver. Artist associated with 26 portraits.
- Henry Graves (1806-1892), Printseller and fine art publisher. Artist associated with 47 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1415 portraits, Sitter associated with 39 portraits.
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1861back to top
Current affairsDeath of Prince Albert, from typhoid fever. Queen Victoria goes into a long period of mourning, withdrawing from public duties, and becomes known by the satirical title 'Widow of Windsor'.
Art and scienceMrs Beeton's Book of Household Management is published by her husband Sidney, who successfully maintained the Beeton brand after his wife's early death seven years later. The highly popular book, containing recipes and advice for housekeeping, appealed to the Victorian belief that a woman's role was managing the home.
Morris, Marshall, Faulkner and Company is founded, marking the start of the arts and crafts movement.
InternationalThe American civil war begins after the Confederate army attacks Union forces at Fort Sumter in April. The Confederates, comprised of eleven southern states who seceded from the Union over the right to independence on issues such as abolition, are presided over by Jefferson Davis, formerly senator of Mississippi. Although the Union had early successes, the Confederates' victory at Bull Run sets the Union up for a long, four-year war.
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